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bth

British Thomson-Houston Company, Ltd.
Crown House,
Aldwych,
London WC2
England



BTH's booth at the 1936 APLE Conference.


Exhibits included Mercra Lamps (150W, 250W and 400W) and Lighting Equipment for street lighting and flood lighting. The new Dilen and Diref lanterns were shown. - Public Lighting #3, 1936


The firm are exhibiting several installations at the APLE's Folkestone Conference of 1937. The layouts use "BTH Planned Street Lighting" principles, which ensures that the very best use is made of each individual lantern. Use of these principles allows a spacing of 150 ft., which is the maximum recommended by the interim report of the Ministry of Transport Committee on Street Lighting. The firm notes how cream coloured walls along some of the routes enhance the lighting. The County Junior is one of the lanterns being exhibited. - APLE Conference Programme Folkestone 1937


The newly designed Mercra H lantern takes centre stage, along with a representative range of Mercra (80W, 125W, 250W and 400W) and Sodra Lamps, together with BTH Auxiliary Equipment for Street Lighting. - APLE Conference Programme Folkestone 1938


They have issued a booklet, Planned Street Lighting, of over seventy pages, fully illustrated which describes the various types of lamps, lanterns and accessory equipment manufactured by the company. The booklet is much more than a mere catalogue or list of BTH street lighting products; it is a guide to correct methods, as approved by the latest practice. Prolonged laboratory work has enabled the company's engineers to establish basic principles and to ascertain the most suitable sources of light and the most effective systems of light distribution for general requirements. Then comes the application of the knowledge, thus gained by practical tests on roads and streets. The results of this wide experience is embodied admirably and lucidly in the new booklet. Details are given of the Mercra range of electric discharge lamps, and of several lanterns designed for different classes of road. The Sodra electric discharge lamps are also described; and the County Junior lantern, which is low priced and suitable for either Mercra or Mazda lamp, is exceptionally effective for side roads. A description is included of BTH photoelectric relays and their action in street lighting control; of the foot-candle meter for testing; and finally a couple of pages are given to illuminated traffic signs and guard posts; all models conforming to MOT requirements. In brief, Planned Street Lighting covers all the principle needs of authorities who may wish for information on the subject. - Public Lighting #12, January 1939

The Mercra "H" has been a huge success and the firm have designed a sodium counterpart, the Sodra "H" for the whole range of sodium lamps. The Sodra "H" also includes many engineering improvements in design, most being related to its side entry design. (The Dilen lantern has also been redesigned for side-entry to take advantage of these). The Sodra "H" is being exhibited. - APLE Conference Programme Glasgow 1939


Pioneers in modern electric street lighting. Before the war hada wide range of lamps and lanterns on the market. Many will be made available after the war. - Public Lighting #44, 1944


The company describe the pre-war scene, with special reference to the Mercra "H" and Dilen lanterns. In some respects, they seem to feel that street lighting has reached a natural goal: "The methods employed, therefore, in the lighting of streets, especially main roads, are to a large extent stabilized, and it is difficutl to visualise any extensive changes unless a considerably greater amount of money per mile is going to be available in the future." The County Junior and County Cadet lanterns are the standard products for side sreets. In reality, the firm are still selling 1939 stock, and have justified this by claiming that there has been no progress made in the war and immedaite post-war years. - APLE Conference Programme Glasgow 1945


In the last year, the volume of traffic on the roads has steadily been increasing and has bought an appalling increase in the number of road accidents. The provision of adequate street lighting will not only do much to reduce accidents, but will also simplify the battle against crime. The past year has seen a resumption of intensive research work which has resulted in striking improvements in the science of street lighting. There are two thoughts constantly in mind when designing street lighting: the need to improve the lighting of our streets and the need to conserve fuel in the form of electric current. It is not possible to produce a single lantern which will do service in all circumstances because roads and streets vary in their indiviudal requirements. It is possible to design a range of lanterns to meet the demands of main streets and side streets; of arterial roads and secondary roads. This has been done: there is a Mazdalux lantern to meet every requirement.

Illuminated panels show how the careful siting of a lantern can make striking improvements to the lighting of public highways. Typical cross roads, roundabouts, T-junctions, bends and single and dual carriageways are depicted to demonstrate how the maximum amount of light can be directed where it is most needed. The Mazdalux lanterns displayed are typical of the very wide range designed by the company to meet all requirements.

Demonstrate prototype fluorescent lantern along Old Bond Street in London for the conference. - APLE Conference Programme London 1946



Installation of BTH Fluorescent lanterns along Neville Street for the APLE's 1947 Conference.


After the experimental installation along Old Bond Street, constant research, coupled with experience of many installations in other cities and towns, has led to the development of an improved lantern which is in full production. One is on view in Southport. The installation is mounted on specially designed concrete columns by Concrete Utilities. The mounting height is 25-ft. as recommeneded for Group A by the M.O.T. Report. Fluorescent street lighting has more than fulfilled the promise of the first experimental installations and has now been accepted as providing better visibility than any system hitherto employed. Fluorescent street lighting has other distinct advantages: Gives a light which closely matches the light of day; the comparatively large light source gives a very full coverage of the road and a broad even light distribution which embraces kerbs, pathways and buildings; the lamps have a long life; and they give about two and a half times as much light as incandescent lamps. - APLE Conference Programme Southport 1947


The Mazdalux Fluorescent Street Lighting Lantern is a prominent feature. First seen in 1946, the lantern has undergone a number of subsequent improvements in design and mechanical construction. Also shown are the Stylised Range (Series 600) and the Mazdalux Horizontal Open and Horizontal Enclosed Lanterns. An impressive array of Mazdalux lanterns which provide illumination for Group 'B' roads are also shown including the Rural and Parish lanterns. - APLE Conference Programme Southport 1948


The firm was consolidated into AEI Lamps And Lighting in 1956. The old manufacturing name of BTH was dropped and the tradename of Mazda was continued by AEI.




References:
The Illuminating Engineer 1928
APLE Conference Programme Folkestone 1937
APLE Conference Programme Bournemouth 1938
APLE Conference Programme Glasgow 1939
APLE Conference Programme Glasgow 1945
APLE Conference Programme London 1946
APLE Conference Programme Southport 1947
APLE Conference Programme Eastbourne 1948



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