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Sugg

Sugg
William Sugg & Co., Ltd.
Ranelagh Works, Chapter St.,
Westminster, S.W.1
England


"In the early 1890s I spent a short period with William Suggs. Gas wwas then the primary lighting of the London streets. The gas burners used were "Bray" or "Fishtail". But Suggs' had come into the market with their gas-pressure controlled burners, which fast superseded other types. Even then they were a very enterprising firm. I well remember seeing their showrooms at Charing Corss and seeign the machinery for operating high-pressure gas lighting" - Thos. G. Bransford, Public Lighting #9, 1938


In 1932, along with their standard range of lanterns, the firm were selling Multi-Ray conversion kits permitting an old lamp to be converted from the obsolete upright or large size inverted mantle to the more efficient latest type new lamp with superheated small mantles and reflectors. The firm also made several Governors of various type and the Distant Control Device. - APLE Exhibition Catalogue 1932



The firm's booth at the 1936 APLE Conference in Cheltenham.



Philip Sugg (left) chats to T. E. Richie of the GEC at the APLE Conference in Cheltenham.


The firm exhibited several lamps at the APLE's 1936 conference in Cheltenham. The London Lamp was given the pride of place. Also exhibited were the Rochester, a low-pressure Supervia and the new High Street lamp for exterior shop lighting. Also of interest was an automatic Emergency Gas Switch which enabled emergency gas lighting to be brought into operation immediately upon the occasion of an electricity failure. - Public Lighting #3, 1936


They exhibited the London, High Visibility and 8000 Series lamps at the APLE's Conference in Folkestone. - APLE Conference Programme 1937


A number of examples of high efficiency lighting units for both Group "A" and Group "B" were exhibited in 1938. London, Folkestone, Rochester and a three-way 8000 lantern were shown. A patent Sugg-Horstmann Comet system of distant (or remote) control was demonstrated. (The Series Comet also completely eliminated byepasses). A light control for Refuge Lamps was also shown along with a safety "cut-off" valve to prevent the escape of gas in the event of an illuminated guard post being knocked down. (The safety cut-off was invented by the Gas Light And Coke Company). - APLE Conference Programme 1938


Modified a photo electric cell for lighting street lamps between dusk and dawn. A recitified photo-electric caell is fixed in a suitable position on the lamp and is connected with the main control box. The components in the box include an electric relay, a 3-volt dry cell and a clockwork operated gas valve which incorportes a switching device. When daylight falls below a pre-determined value, the current from the photo-electric cell operates the relay, which allows a small current to flow from the dry-cell to energise an electro-magnet, which operates the trip mechanism on the clockwork gas valve, which then turns to the "on" position and lights the lamps. A similar operation occurs when the value of daylight increases to a pre-fixed value and the lamp is extingushed.

It can be used for refuge islands with centre lamp; and for all lamps and signs on a roundabout. It is possible with Comet ignition to light all lamps up simultaneously. The only attention required is the winding of the clockwork mechanism - about once every three weeks - and the renewal of the battery - not more than once per year. The control was patented by Mr. W. H. B. Hall, Mr. R. H. Whillock and the South Metropolitan Gas Company originally for use in schools. It was developed by Sugg for street lighting in conjunction with the Public Lighting Section of The Gas Light & Coke Company - Public Lighting #11, 1938


The possibility of an escape of gas igniting if a gas-illuminated bollard is knocked over was looked at by the Public Lighting Section of the The Gas Light & Coke Company. They devised an automatic cut-off valve which is being manufacturered by Sugg. The valve is fixed to the service in the base of the bollard, preferably below ground level, and the supply to the burner is conencted to it by means of an easily broken nipple, which ensures the valve not being broken away from the service if the bollard is knocked down. The device itself is diaphragm operated, the inlet gas passing to the underside of the diaphragm and thence through a valve to the burner. The effective area of the valve is small in relation to that of the diaphragm. Pressure at the burner is conveyed to the upper side of the diaphragm by a small bore tube, and under ordinary conditions, with almost equal pressure both above and below, the valve is kept open by its own weight. Immediate fracture of either the main supply or the small bore tube, the pressure above the diaphragm is reduced to atmospheric, and the inlet pressure snaps the valve shut and keeps it in this position until pressure is again applied above the diaphragm by means of reconnection. Owning to the success of this device, it is now being fitted to all gas lighted bollards and guardposts. - Public Lighting #11, 1938


The new Highway lantern and the 8000 Series were both exhibited and extensively described at the Glasgow Conference. - APLE Conference Programme 1939


The firm are exhibiting their well-known and tested Gas Lamps which they will be able to supply first after stopping their war-time production. Three different gas units are on display: the London B/2, Rochester and Windsor. - APLE Conference Programme 1945



Sugg's stand at the 1953 APLE exhibition in Liverpool.
Left to right: P. Crawford Sugg, E. Stroud, Alderman A. Morrow, Alderman A. Critchley and C. C. Smith (President)


References:
The Illuminating Engineer 1928
APLE Exhibition Catalogue Blackpool 1932
APLE Conference Programme Folkestone 1937
APLE Conference Programme Bournemouth 1938
APLE Conference Programme Glasgow 1939
APLE Conference Programme Glasgow 1945


External Links:
Grace's Guide